The economy and gross domestic product (GDP) of Iran rely on the services sector. Safest 1. MICs also represent about one-third of global GDP and are major engines of global growth. Other Western Iranic languages spoken in the region include Achomi, Daylami, Kurdish dialects, Semmani, Lurish, amongst many others. UNICEF works in countries in the Middle East and North Africa. They were supplanted in some part by the rising influence of the United States from the 1970s onwards. Israel has coastlines along both the Red and the Mediterranean Seas and shares borders with several countries, including Jordan, Egypt, Syria, Lebanon, and the Gaza Strip. The Greater Middle East adds up to more than 30 countries. [55] If greenhouse gas emissions are not significantly reduced, part of the MENA region risks becoming uninhabitable before the year 2100. Explore World Map Cities Maps Flags. Cleveland, William L., and Martin Bunton. [8][9] During this time the British and Russian Empires were vying for influence in Central Asia, a rivalry which would become known as The Great Game. It covers an area of 636,372 square miles and has a population size of approximately 80.82 million. [22] Even though the term originated in the West, apart from Arabic, other languages of countries of the Middle East also use a translation of it. Beirut – The most culturally diverse and liberal city in the Middle East. Sudan and Turkey are sometimes included in MENA. However, the tourism industry in Oman is growing rapidly. It covers an area of between 8,019 and 8,522 square miles and has a population size of approximately 8.75 million. These are Bahrain, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Palestine, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, the Syrian Arab Republic, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and Yemen. Learn how and when to remove this template message, Sovereign Base Areas of Akrotiri and Dhekelia. Before the First World War, "Near East" was used in English to refer to the Balkans and the Ottoman Empire, while "Middle East" referred to Iran, the Caucasus, Afghanistan, Central Asia, and Turkestan. In addition to the list of countries, we have assembled other uni… MEA is a designation given to the region of the world made up of the Middle East and Africa. Palestine covers an area of 2,3320 square miles and has a population size of 4.55 million. When I visited Dubai in January, it was a pleasant 80 degrees. [41] Regarding nominal GDP per capita, the highest ranking countries are Qatar ($93,204), the UAE ($55,028), Kuwait ($45,920) and Cyprus ($32,745). The services industry in Palestine makes up 82% of the country's $10 Billion GDP. Download Excel File List of Middle East Countries . Cyprus is a hub for foreign businesses due to its tax r… Additionally, the Mongols would come to dominate the region, the Kingdom of Armenia would incorporate parts of the region to their domain, the Seljuks would rule the region and spread Turko-Persian culture, and the Franks would found the Crusader states that would stand for roughly two centuries. From the 16th century onward, the Middle East came to be dominated, once again, by two main powers: the Ottoman Empire and the Safavid dynasty. Turkey is newly industrialized and has a GDP of $2.199 trillion, over half of which is generated by the services industry. During the Cold War, the Middle East was a theater of ideological struggle between the two superpowers and their allies: NATO and the United States on one side, and the Soviet Union and Warsaw Pact on the other, as they competed to influence regional allies. [55] The MENA region is especially vulnerable to such impacts due to its arid and semi-arid environment, facing climatic challenges such as low rainfall, high temperatures and dry soil. A transcontinental region including parts of Eurasia and Africa, the Middle East includes countries that share common factors like ethnic groups, geographic features, religious beliefs, and political history. In contrast, "Far East" referred to the countries of East Asia (e.g. IPCC, 2014: Climate Change 2014: Synthesis Report. The term Near East was coined in the 19th century when Westerners divided the “Orient” into three parts: … Egypt located in the northeastern region of Africa, where it has borders along the Mediterranean Sea, the Red Sea, and the Gulf of Aqaba. Lebanon's economy was able to resist the global economic crisis of 2008, managing to grow at a rate of 8.5% in 2008 and 9% in 2009. List of Middle Eastern countries by population, List of modern conflicts in the Middle East, Largest metropolitan areas of the Middle East, Climate change in the Middle East and North Africa, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, Middle East Studies Association of North America. DUBAI: The European Union is undertaking efforts to remove Iraq from the list of high-risk countries, the EU ambassador to Iraq said on Tuesday, according to Al Arabiya TV. Middle-income countries are also essential to global economic growth. The Middle East is also the heart of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam, which are three of the world’s major religions. Moreover, as Louise Fawcett argues, among many important areas of contention, or perhaps more accurately of anxiety, were, first, the desires of the superpowers to gain strategic advantage in the region, second, the fact that the region contained some two-thirds of the world's oil reserves in a context where oil was becoming increasingly vital to the economy of the Western world [...][31] Within this contextual framework, the United States sought to divert the Arab world from Soviet influence. Even further, countries in Central Asia and Transcaucasia might be integrated into the group of Middle East countries. Ismael, Jacqueline S., Tareq Y. Ismael, and Glenn Perry. For the Middle East, the last … Since it is such a pivotal place, knowing its geography is an important part of any educational curriculum. [12] Mahan first used the term in his article "The Persian Gulf and International Relations", published in September 1902 in the National Review, a British journal. Bengali, Hindi and Urdu are widely spoken by migrant communities in many Middle Eastern countries, such as Saudi Arabia (where 20–25% of the population is South Asian), the United Arab Emirates (where 50–55% of the population is South Asian), and Qatar, which have large numbers of Pakistani, Bangladeshi and Indian immigrants. The economic structure of Middle Eastern nations are different in the sense that while some nations are heavily dependent on export of only oil and oil-related products (such as Saudi Arabia, the UAE and Kuwait), others have a highly diverse economic base (such as Cyprus, Israel, Turkey and Egypt). [18], The description Middle has also led to some confusion over changing definitions. Middle East Newspapers by Country (A-M) Bahrain. km) - Country Ranking - Middle East. The list can help researchers who are applying for Wellcome funding in these countries. Perhaps because of the influence of the Western press, the Arabic equivalent of Middle East (Arabic: الشرق الأوسط ash-Sharq al-Awsaṭ) has become standard usage in the mainstream Arabic press, comprising the same meaning as the term "Middle East" in North American and Western European usage. Middle East essentially supplanted Near East in the early 20th century, although the two are now used interchangeably among English speakers. This hasn’t always been the case. Get the latest BBC News from the Middle East: breaking news, features, analysis and debate plus audio and video coverage from across the Middle East. The Middle East occupies an area of about 2,782,860 sq miles with a population of over 371 million people. Iran has reported 2,378 deaths, which is one of the highest outside China, and the first deaths in the Middle East. Another Turkic language, Azerbaijani, is spoken by Azerbaijanis in Iran. The region has vast oil, petroleum, and natural gas reserves. The Middle East and North Africa region is in turmoil. While it is primarily spoken in Iran and some border areas in neighbouring countries, the country is one of the region's largest and most populous. Persian is the second most spoken language. Crude petroleum oil makes up nearly 25% of its exports. It belongs to the Indo-Iranian branch of the family of Indo-European languages. The oil industry is transforming many Middle Eastern countries, especially in the Gulf region, giving them hitherto undreamed of wealth. United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) UNFPA has a Regional Office for the Arab States in Cairo, Egypt. Submitted by editor on 27 January, 2014 - 14:11. A fair proportion of those migrating from Arab nations are from ethnic and religious minorities facing racial and or religious persecution and are not necessarily ethnic Arabs, Iranians or Turks. For regional access to individual countries of the Middle East, please click on a country in the map below or the list to the right How Many Countries Are There In The Middle East? Surface area (sq. [citation needed] In the late 1930s, the British established the Middle East Command, which was based in Cairo, for its military forces in the region. The oil industry of Iraq makes up about 95% of its foreign exchange revenue. This designation is typically a term used by companies, organizations, and corporations. The nation has engaged in the decades-long conflict with Israel over Israeli-occupied lands, which were ruled by the Israeli Military Governorate from 1967 until 1982. Bahrain is a Middle Eastern country in the part of the region. Africa - Asia - Australasia - Caribbean - Europe - Middle East - North America - South America - Full Country List Working Holiday Visas FAQ - About - Disclaimer [note 2][39][40]. The country and lending groups page provides a complete list of economies classified by income, region, and lending status and links to previous years’ classifications. The Middle East region refers to the countries situated in Western Asia and North Africa and in between. With the exception of Cyprus, Turkey, Egypt, Lebanon and Israel, tourism has been a relatively undeveloped area of the economy, in part because of the socially conservative nature of the region as well as political turmoil in certain regions of the Middle East. The vast majority (92%) of the population identify as Sunni Muslims. Several Modern South Arabian languages such as Mehri and Soqotri are also spoken Yemen and Oman. ...more. A total of 13 countries in the Middle East currently have coronavirus, as listed below. Arabic and Hebrew represent the Afro-Asiatic language family. Cyprus is a hub for foreign businesses due to its tax rates, which are below the European Union average. Middle East includes countries that share common factors like ethnic groups, geographic features, religious beliefs, and political history. This list may not reflect recent changes (). The countries of the South Caucasus—Armenia, Azerbaijan, and Georgia—are occasionally included in definitions of the Middle East. The region served as the intellectual and economic center of the Roman Empire and played an exceptionally important role due to its periphery on the Sassanid Empire. Taxation and Tax Policies in the Middle East evaluates the general role that tax policies have played in the economic development of the Middle East since 1945 and proposes some recommendations on how fiscal tools could be better used to promote further advancement in this region. Syria’s economy is among the most diverse in the region with agriculture, services, … The country of Pakistan was actually formed from India. According to the World Bank's World Development Indicators database published on July 1, 2009, the three largest Middle Eastern economies in 2008 were Turkey ($794,228), Saudi Arabia ($467,601) and Iran ($385,143) in terms of Nominal GDP. These were followed by the Hittite, Greek, Hurrian and Urartian civilisations of Asia Minor; Elam, Persia and Median civilizations in Iran, as well as the civilizations of the Levant (such as Ebla, Mari, Nagar, Ugarit, Canaan, Aramea, Mitanni, Phoenicia and Israel) and the Arabian Peninsula (Magan, Sheba, Ubar). Geographically, the Middle East encompasses regions of North Africa and Western Asia. The largest Romanian-speaking community in the Middle East is found in Israel, where as of 1995[update] Romanian is spoken by 5% of the population. Non-Arab Middle Eastern countries such as Turkey, Israel and Iran are also subject to important migration dynamics. Arabic dialects are also spoken in some adjacent areas in neighbouring Middle Eastern non-Arab countries. [42] Turkey ($1,028,897), Iran ($839,438) and Saudi Arabia ($589,531) had the largest economies in terms of GDP-PPP. In recent years, however, countries such as the UAE, Bahrain, and Jordan have begun attracting greater numbers of tourists because of improving tourist facilities and the relaxing of tourism-related restrictive policies. [2][3][4] Several major religions have their origins in the Middle East, including Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The history of the Middle East dates back to ancient times, with the geopolitical importance of the region being recognized for millennia. Hebrew is spoken and used by over 80% of Israel's population, the other 20% using Arabic. This country has a population size of over 2.67 million, 2.3 million of which are foreign nationals. European ethnic groups that form a diaspora in the region include Albanians, Bosniaks, Circassians (including Kabardians), Crimean Tatars, Greeks, Franco-Levantines, Italo-Levantines, and Iraqi Turkmens. The corresponding adjective is Middle Eastern and the derived noun is Middle Easterner. [57][58][59], region that encompasses Western Asia and Egypt, This video over Central Africa and the Middle East was taken by the crew of Expedition 29 on board the, Territories and regions usually considered within the Middle East. In 1961, Cyprus became a member of the Commonwealth of Nations after gaining its independence from Great Britain, and in 2004 it was accepted as a member of the European Union. "[14] After the series ended in 1903, The Times removed quotation marks from subsequent uses of the term. ... Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan), Central America, South America, Mexico, Africa, and the Middle East (with the exception of Israel). In this article, however, we will highlight the 18 countries that are unambiguously part of the Middle East. [10][11] He labeled the area surrounding the Persian Gulf as the Middle East, and said that after Egypt's Suez Canal, it was the most important passage for Britain to control in order to keep the Russians from advancing towards British India. French is taught and used in many government facilities and media in Lebanon, and is taught in some primary and secondary schools of Egypt and Syria. Syria is a Middle Eastern country bordering Lebanon, Turkey, Jordan, Israel, and Iraq. Christianity is the predominant religion in Europe (including Russia), the Americas, the Philippines, East Timor, Sub-Saharan Africa, and Oceania. Al-Ayam الايام In Arabic. The following is the list of Countries in the Middle East include Bahrain, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Syria, UAE and Yemen. The economy of Yemen, like many other middle eastern countries, focuses on the petroleum industry, which also makes up 73% of its exports. The region is one of the regions were agriculture was independently discovered, and from the Middle East it was spread, during the Neolithic, to different regions of the world such as Europe, the Indus Valley and Eastern Africa. Middle income countries are a diverse group by size, population and income level, and are home to 5 of the world’s 7 billion people and 73% of the world’s poor people. There are also important minority religions like the Baháʼí Faith, Yarsanism, Yazidism, Zoroastrianism, Mandaeism, Druze, and Shabakism, and in ancient times the region was home to Mesopotamian religions, Canaanite religions, Manichaeism, Mithraism and various monotheist gnostic sects. Saudi Arabia is the largest country in the Middle East and covers an area of 830,000 square miles. "[16] In 1958, the State Department explained that the terms "Near East" and "Middle East" were interchangeable, and defined the region as including only Egypt, Syria, Israel, Lebanon, Jordan, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, and Qatar.[19]. In the U.S., tourists … Because of these demographics, as well as various other factors, Yemen's population is expected to reach 60 million by 2050. Confirmed cases: 32,332. Cyprus is another island nation, located in the Mediterranean Sea between Turkey and Egypt. It is a non-Semitic Afro-Asiatic language. Mahan realized not only the strategic importance of the region, but also of its center, the Persian Gulf. The designation can be used for miscellaneous marketing, distribution and customer support services. The British Navy should have the facility to concentrate in force if occasion arise, about Aden, India, and the Persian Gulf. At least 87% of the country's exports are petroleum-based. A further 16 countries are sometimes included depending on usage. The Middle East is widely and most famously known as the Cradle of civilization. The search for agricultural lands by agriculturalists, and pastoral lands by herdsmen meant different migrations took place within the region and shaped its ethnic and demographic makeup. Hebrew is one of the two official languages of Israel, the other being Arabic. (Primary Reflections)", "Redrawing American Cartographies of Asia", "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects", "Concocting a 'Greater Middle East' brew", The Greater Middle East Initiative: Off to a False Start, "IOM Intra regional labour mobility in Arab region Facts and Figures (English)", "Europe :: Akrotiri — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "Europe :: Dhekelia — The World Factbook - Central Intelligence Agency", "Reports of about 300,000 Jews that left the country after WW2". For compatibility, we use the ISO 3166 list of countries augmented by a few region names which are sometimes returned by MaxMind. Oman is located along the southeastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula, giving it a long coastline along the Arabian Sea. Nearly half of Bahrain's population is foreign nationals. [citation needed] Large numbers of Kurds, Jews, Assyrians, Greeks and Armenians as well as many Mandeans have left nations such as Iraq, Iran, Syria and Turkey for these reasons during the last century. These are Afghanistan, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Chad, Comoros, Cyprus, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Somalia, Sudan, and Turkey. Other popular languages include Persian, Kurdish, Hebrew, and Turkish. Use these games to learn the capitals of the countries of the Middle East. During this series, Sir Ignatius expanded the definition of Middle East to include "those regions of Asia which extend to the borders of India or command the approaches to India. As mentioned above, the countries of the region share several features in common. Near East, Levant and Fertile Crescent are geographic concepts, which refer to large sections of the modern defined Middle East, with Near East being the closest to Middle East in its geographic meaning. Due to it primarily being Arabic speaking, the Maghreb region of North Africa is sometimes included. China, Japan, Korea, etc.). Iranian peoples and Turkic speaking peoples are the next two common ethnic groups. Mass production of oil began around 1945, with Saudi Arabia, Iran, Kuwait, Iraq, and the United Arab Emirates having large quantities of oil. Here are the five safest and five most dangerous. However, it would be the later Islamic Caliphates of the Middle Ages, or Islamic Golden Age which began with the Islamic conquest of the region in the 7th century AD, that would first unify the entire Middle East as a distinct region and create the dominant Islamic Arab ethnic identity that largely (but not exclusively) persists today. The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is along the southeastern edge of the Arabian Peninsula. Arabs constitute the largest ethnic group in the Middle East, followed by various Iranian peoples and then by Turkic speaking groups (Turkish, Azeris, and Iraqi Turkmen). Partition Of India. The rest of the economy relies on agriculture, tourism, and natural gas. The largest country in the Middle East by land area is Saudi Arabia. The five top languages, in terms of numbers of speakers, are Arabic, Persian, Turkish, Kurdish, and Hebrew. Click here for Country List by Geographical RegionsUN. km) - Middle East. All maps, graphics, flags, photos and original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com. [30] Estimated oil reserves, especially in Saudi Arabia and Iran, are some of the highest in the world, and the international oil cartel OPEC is dominated by Middle Eastern countries. The lowest-ranking country in the Middle East, in terms of per capita income (PPP), is the autonomous Palestinian Authority of Gaza and the West Bank ($1,100). The population of the regi… Source: Food and Agriculture Organization, electronic files and web site. It has a population size of approximately 33 million, 90% of which identify as Arabs. Before that, Bahrain was recognized for its banking and financial services sector, which are the fastest-growing in the world. The Middle East is very diverse when it comes to religions, many of which originated there. COVID-19 in Iran. Definition: Surface area is a country's total area, including areas under inland bodies of water and some coastal waterways. [33] In Somalia, the Somali Civil War has greatly increased the size of the Somali diaspora, as many of the best educated Somalis left for Middle Eastern countries as well as Europe and North America. [citation needed]. It covers an area of 302,455 square miles and has a population size of around 79.8 million. Last week, Morocco joined the list. Syria is located in the western region of the Middle East and covers an area of 71,500 square miles. Turkish belongs to Turkic language family. Thus, the Romans stationed up to five or six of their legions in the region for the sole purpose of defending it from Sassanid and Bedouin raids and invasions. Dress Modestly. Another Semitic language such as Aramaic and its dialects are spoken mainly by Assyrians and Mandaeans. The region includes 18 countries. The Middle East: Countries - Map Quiz Game: Qatar and the United Arab Emirates have some of the highest per capita incomes in the world. The term country, used interchangeably with economy, does not imply political independence … The country covers an area of 168,754 square miles and has a total population of 37.2 million. MS Excel(97) MS Excel(2007) PDF CSV Zip of all formats Original Page: click here. The capitals of Middle Eastern countries are attached with countries that are Middle Eastern. Overall, as of 2007[update], according to the CIA World Factbook, all nations in the Middle East are maintaining a positive rate of growth. Pages in category "Former countries in the Middle East" The following 72 pages are in this category, out of 72 total. The third-most widely spoken language, Turkish, is largely confined to Turkey, which is also one of the region's largest and most populous countries, but it is present in areas in neighboring countries. Countries of the Middle East LAND INFO provides detailed information on satellite imagery and digital map data availability for Middle East countries. Stretching the definition of the Middle East to include its widest borders as per the parameters outlined earlier, the population of the region rests at around 690 million people. Unemployment is notably high in the Middle East and North Africa region, particularly among young people aged 15–29, a demographic representing 30% of the region's total population. The capitals of Middle Eastern countries are attached with countries that are Middle Eastern. Persian and Kurdish belong to the Indo-European language family. It has a population size of just over 6 million, which is recognized for its diverse cultural and ethnic background. This country has one of the largest economies in the Middle East, with a GDP of around $377 billion. Since it is such a pivotal place, knowing its geography is an important part of any educational curriculum. [15], Until World War II, it was customary to refer to areas centered around Turkey and the eastern shore of the Mediterranean as the "Near East", while the "Far East" centered on China,[16] and the Middle East then meant the area from Mesopotamia to Burma, namely the area between the Near East and the Far East. The world's earliest civilizations, Mesopotamia (Sumer, Akkad, Assyria and Babylonia), ancient Egypt and Kish in the Levant, all originated in the Fertile Crescent and Nile Valley regions of the ancient Near East. » Take the Quiz. Some, such as Saudi Arabia,Oman, Qatar, Kuwait, and the UAE, have vast oil reserves and oil-dependent economies; others, such as Iran, Iraq, and Syria, are partially oil-dependent. Middle East, the lands around the southern and eastern shores of the Mediterranean Sea, encompassing at least the Arabian Peninsula and, by some definitions, Iran, North Africa, and sometimes beyond. 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Any educational curriculum countries list and Middle Eastern Nations are also subject to important Migration.! Target: CITEREFRussell1985 (, causing untold damage to human lives and physical.... Major engines of global growth graphics, flags, photos and Original descriptions © 2021 worldatlas.com enough to. Region refers to the formation of civilizations, advanced cultures formed all over the Middle East ' they supplanted... Of Bahrain 's middle east country list, the Caspian Sea, and Afro-Arabs businesses due to a faster-than-average birth.! Countries such as Mehri and Soqotri are also sortable by any column region the... Judaism, and Gulf Bank members, plus all other economies with populations of than! To reflect recent events or newly available information, in terms of numbers of speakers, are Arabic Persian! The fastest-growing in the Middle East and North Africa, however, we will highlight 18... 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