Other occasional pests that can attack the fruit include: European corn borer, pepper maggot, tomato pinworm, and tobacco budworm. In. Efieto da epoca de infestacao do microacaro, Evans, K. (1982). The Tetranychidae—embryonic and juvenile development. It is considered to be native to the Peruvian—Bolivian Andes of South America, where it has been cultivated for approximately the past 2000 years. (1981). Tomato russet mite: a serious pest in tomatoes. (1984). Forrest, J. M. S. and Phillips, M. S. (1984). A technique for monitoring. The target moths have different host plants, so depending on the crops grown on the farm, between 6-8 moth traps will be set for the following: Silver Y Moth, Golden Twinspot Moth, Old World Bollworm, … Todd, J. W. and Herzog, D. C. (1980). Effects of the population of. Bailey, S. F. and Keifer, H. H. (1943). Poe, S. L., Everett, P. H., Shuster, D. J. and Musgrave, C. A. Leaf Miners. Raman, K. V. (1983). Part 1. The biology and behaviour of slugs in relation to crop damage and control. Slugs in gardens: their numbers, activities and distribution Part 1. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. Penman, D. R., Chapman, R. B. and Bowie, M. H. (1986). Duffey, S. S. (1986). Suski, Z. W. and Badowska, T. (1975). Forgash, A. J. [Hybridisation experiments within the complex of species around the green-striped potato aphid. Kerry, B. R. and Crump, D. H. (1977). Cross, J. V. and Bassett, P. (1982). (1965). Costilla, M. A. Ecological study on insect pests of chilli tomato and their control. Insects that should be controlled mid season to avoid bloom drop and damage to fruit buds include stink bugs [species: southern, brown and green], leaffooted bugs, and other plant bugs. Insecticidal effects on, Pollard, D. G. (1977). Harris, V. E. and Todd, J. T. (1982). The effects of the feeding of the potato leafhopper on photosynthesis and respiration in the potato plant. Observation of tomato russet mite (Acari: Eriophyidae) damage symptoms in relation to tomato plant development. This can be directly from whitefly feeding or indirectly through the transmission of geminiviruses. The Tetranychidae—webbing. Side-effects of foliar application of urea + ammonium nitrate solution on the Colorado beetle. In, Sorokin, N. S. (1981). Nematode pests of potatoes. Curry, J. P. and Pimentel, D. (1971). Resistance of potato clones to the green peach aphid and potato leafroll virus. Biology of a tydeid mite. (1980a). ], Spaull, A. M., Trudgill, D. L. and Phillips, M. S. (1987). Comparative toxicity of acaricides to, Ruberson, J. R., Tauber, M. J. and Tauber, G. A. (1984). Butter, N. S. and Rataul, H. S. (1973). Gibson, R. W. (1974). Perring, T. M. and Farrar, C. A. Rothamsted Experimental Station, Evans, K. and Trudgill, D. L. (1978). Barnes, H. F. and Weil, J. W. (1944). Survey of the attitudes of seed potato growers in south-east Scotland to aphid control and their use of insecticides in 1977–81. Field tests of anti-desiccants to extend the infection period of an entomogenous nematode. Musgrave, C. A., Poe, S. L. and Weems, H. V. (1975). The larvae … van de Veire, M., Hertveldt, L. and Aerts, J. Rodriquez, J. G., Knavel, D. E. and Aina, O. J. Damage to tomato and aubergine by broad mite. Hayslip, N. C. (1961). Recent trends in the incidence of aphid-borne viruses in Scotland. In. (1985). Airey, W. J. Control of the whitefly, Gregory, P., Ave, D. A., Bouthyette, P. Y. and Tingey, W. M. (1986). The ecology of Myzus persicae. (1980). Aphid vector monitoring in Europe. The mouthparts and feeding mechanism of aphids. A revision of the gall-mites (Acarina: Eriophyidae) occurring on tomato with a key to the Eriophyidae recorded from solanaceous plants. Crawford-Sidebotham, T. J. The overwintering of the Atlantic mite. Common pests of all solanaceous crops. Differential susceptibility of slugs to metaldehyde/bran and to methiocarb baits. (1986). The treatment threshold for worms that attack the fruit is very low. Relationships between physiology of the cotton plant and development of the tobacco whitefly. (1987). Esbjerg, P. (1977). Radcliffe, E. B. The biology and ecology of the leaf miner and its control by neem, Ffrench-Constant, R. H. and Devonshire, A. L. (1986). In. Solanaceous vegetables are affected by a range of viral diseases. Variation in the photoperiodic response within natural populations of. Pest aspects of potato production. (1985). Al-Musa, A. (1986). McLain, D. K. (1981). Therefore it is important to control weeds which may be a host to a virus. (1986). Whiteflies also can produce a honeydew that results in sooty mold when adult and nymph numbers are high. Solanaceous crops, including tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and potatoes, may be the most popular garden plants, but many diseases commonly affect them. Hoffmann, M. P., Wilson, L. T. and Zalom, F. G. (1987). Development rates, vital schedules, sex ratios and life tables for, Carter, C. and Snyder, J. Cooper, B. Review of research on, Seinhorst, J. W. (1982). (1984). The tomato russet mite in the United States. Differential cold hardiness in adults and nymphs of the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae. The action of entomopathogenic fungi of the genus, Sombatsiri, K. (1978). Sekeroglu, E. and Ozgur, A. F. (1984). Abou-Awad, B. Most of the Lepidoptera pests previously mentioned can damage the fruit either by surface feeding or boring directly into fruit. Control of Tetranychidae—other outdoor crops. H. S. and Butter, N. S. (1975). Cite as. Insect Pests 20. Aphid penetration of plant tissues. Control of stinkbugs in tomato. (1969). (1981). (1986). Zalom, F. G., Kitzmiller, J., Wilson, L. T. and Gutierrez, P. (1986a). Ekbom, B. S. (1981). Lashomb, J. H. and Ng, Y. S. (1984). [Ground beetles (Coleoptera, Carabidae)—natural enemies of the Colorado beetle, Sorokin, N. S. (1982). These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. A. Trudgill, D. L., Phillips, M. S. and Alphey, T. J. W. (1987). Taylor, R. A. J. and Reling, D. (1986). Also, it is important to note that insects that severely affect one solanaceous crop could have little to no effect on another solanaceous crop. Airey, W. J. Scotland with particular reference to the potato crop. Control of tomato leaf curl virus (TLCV) in tomatoes by controlling the vector whitefly. Jansson, R. K. and Smilowitz, Z. Capsicum, tomato, and eggplant are frequently grown as … Scouting and monitoring for pests is a critical step in quantifying the potential damage that can be caused by a pest and … practice. Insect pests of solanaceous crops.pdf - Google Drive ... Sign in Jansson, R. K. and Smilowitz, Z. (1972). Delong, D. M. (1971). Characterizing resistance to. Acoustical and behavioral analysis of the songs of the southern green stink bug, Hassan, S. A. Ex- Aphids, cutworms, mealybugs, eggs of the lemon butterfly, grubs of … Kajita, H. (1984). (1959). Ecological genetics of insecticide and acaricide resistance. (1978). Toxicity of several insecticides to the southern green stinkbug. Insect pest management: The lesson of Liriomyza. Dawkins, G., Hislop, J., Luxton, M. and Bishop, C. (1986). Leafminer attacking bedding plants in California. The most important of these pests are whiteflies, aphids, leafminers, thrips and spider mites. © 2020 Springer Nature Switzerland AG. Cohen, S. and Melamed-Madjar, V. (1978). In Horticultural Educational Association, Cornu, P. and Gehriger, W. (1981). The effect of aphid immigration on the rate of selection of insecticide resistance in. Leaf miners are destructive pests that suck sap and feed on the leaves, causing white … Whitefly-borne viruses in Israel. Integrated pest control in greenhouse crops. (1987). Review of phytophagous pentatomids (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) associated with soybean in the Americas. An IPM Scouting Guide for Commercial Pests of Solanaceous Crops in Kentucky (ID-172) Beet Armyworm in Kentucky (ENTFACT-308) Colorado Potato Beetle Management (ENTFACT-312) Evaluation of insect growth regulators for whitefly control on tomatoes. Pesticides and natural enemies (particularly ground beetles) of aphids on potato. The tomato mining fly. Control options for this include host plant cultivars resistant to the virus, metallic reflective mulch (shown to be effective in tomato), early season insecticides targeting thrips and reducing thrips feeding at transplant, and plant activators that chemically induce resistance. Gildow, F. E. (1987). Laboratory studies on damage to potato tubers by slugs. [Irrigation and natural enemies. Flea beetles … Insect pests of potato. (1987). Kennedy, G. G. and Smitley, D. R. (1985). Early blight and Septoria leaf spot occur … Webb, R. E., Stoner, A. K. and Gentile, A. G. (1971). In. Nabi, M. N. (1984). Studies on slugs of arable ground. Parrella, M. P., Robb, K. L. and Bethke, J. Tyron, E. H., Jr., Poe, S. L. and Cromroy, H. L. (1980). Influence of host plant on the oviposition strategy of Bemisia tabaci. The format we used to discuss insect pests is to arrange them by the type of damage that they do to the crop by early, middle, and late growing seasons. Competitive interactions among endophagous parasitoids of potato tuberworm larvae in southern California. In Georgia, tomato, pepper, and eggplant are typically transplanted from greenhouse plant production sites on the same farm or from commercial plant producers. Effects of three rates of aldicarb and of different degrees of resistance and tolerance in potato cultivars on yields and postharvest population densities of potato cyst nematodes. Simchuk, P. A. A. Insect control becomes critical once developing fruit are present. Other Lepidoptera pests include cabbage looper, tobacco hornworm, and tomato fruitworm. Mite damage to fruit can appear as a bronzing or russeting of the fruit surface. Unable to display preview. In Georgia, tomato fruitworm and beet armyworm are both typical summer pests that bore into tomato fruit. Bionomics of the tomato russet mite, Robert, Y. Monitoring of whitefly … (1982). Plants should be regularly inspected for virus symptoms and infected plants removed immediately. Control of Tetranychidae in crops—greenhouse ornamentals. Insect-defensive chemistry of potato glandular trichomes. Leafminer control on tomatoes in the Indian River area. The effect of cultural measures on behaviour and population development of potato aphids and transmission of viruses. Thomas, D. C. (1947). Masking of host plant odour in the olfactory orientation of the Colorado potato beetle. Since most of the acreage of these crops is currently in plasticulture, which is very expensive, plant uniformity is critical to maintaining production efficiency. Influence of nitrogen on population parameters of potato insects: abundance, population growth, and within-plant distribution of the green peach aphid, Jatala, P., Kaltenbach, R. and Bocangel, M. (1979). (1975). The red imported fire ant as a predator of the southern green stinkbug on soyabean in Georgia. In, Giustina, W. D. (1976). Clough, M. S., Bale, J. S. and Harrington, R. (1990). Incidence, economic importance and control of tomato leaf curl in Jordan. (1983). (1982). By the middle of the nineteenth century, it was a major crop in both western and eastern hemispheres. Native predators and the control of potato aphids. In, Schroder, R. F. W. and Athanus, M. M. (1985). (1968). Iacob, N. (1978). In. Control of potato cyst nematode, Whitehead, A. G. (1986). Stephenson, J. W. and Bardner, R. (1977). Miyasaki, S. and Sherman, M. (1966). Discussion on slugs. The distribution of slug damage in a potato crop. Some aspects of the biology, ecology and control of slugs in S.E. Casagrande, R. A. Mead, F. W. (1976). The relationship in field experiments between population density of. Virus membrane interactions involved in circulative transmission of luteoviruses by aphids. The Tetranychidae—mating and chemical communication. The insects that damage these crops range in their ability to reduce yields, with the fruit feeders typically causing the most severe direct damage. Iftner, D. C., Hall, F. R. and Sturm, M. M. (1986). Tamada, T. and Harrison, B. D. (1981). Port, C. M. and Port, G. R. (1986). (1986). It is considered to be native to the Peruvian—Bolivian Andes of South America, where it has been cultivated for... Pests of … Trudgill, D. L. (1986). Breeding for resistance to whiteflies in tomatoes—in relation to integrated pest control in greenhouses. Observations on the economic importance of tomato leaf miner (. (1974). (1965). (1984). Observations on fungal parasites of females and eggs of the cereal cyst nematode, Kfir, R. (1981). Resistance of tomato varieties to spider mites. Life cycle of, Ledieu, M. S. and Helyer, N. L. (1985). Harris, V. E. and Todd, J. T. (1980). Crooker, A. Brown, R. D. and Jones, V. P. (1983). Whiteflies cause problems for Southern California growers. A study on. Möller, F. W. (1971). Other insects that cause dimpling of tomato are thrips. Nabi, M. N. (1983). Cucurbitaceous Vegetables. Quantification of the greenhouse whitefly life cycle in a controlled environment. Berlinger, M. J., Dahan, R. and Mordechi, S. (1986). This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. Eickwort, R. C. and Eickwort, G. C. (1986). Trap crops for control of stinkbug in soybean. Studies on whiteflies on tomato in the Jordan Valley. Eschiapati, D., DeOliveira, C. A. L., Velho, D. and Sponchiado, O. J. (1985). (1972). Veen, B. W. (1985). vegetable pest management. The broad mite on lemons in Southern California. Laboratory and field experiments on the control of whitefly populations with organophosphorous insecticides and the incidence of the tomato yellow leaf-curl virus. Solanaceous Vegetables. Colonization and resurgence of insect pests of soybean in response to insecticides and field isolation. In, Yang, O. H. and Chen, C. X. Physical characteristics on the foliage of beans and tomatoes that tend to control some small insect pests. Effects of interacting populations of. Lange, W. H. and Bronsin, L. (1981). Dainton, B. H. (1954). ], Smith, J. C. and Newsom, L. D. (1970). Currently, the most difficult early season pest to control is Thrips [species: tobacco, westernflower] that transmit Tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) which causes a severe wilt disease in most solanaceous … Storms, J. J. H. (1971). Johnson, M. W., Oatman, E. R., Wyman, J. 185.37.68.133. ... history of important key pests of crops a nd their management strategies are outlined . Two other foliage feeders that have been reported in Georgia in recent years are mites [spider mites in tomato and eggplant and broad mites in pepper and eggplant] and less frequently, leafminers. In. (1983). Penman, D. R. and Chapman, R. B. Prevention of tomato leaf curl virus by controlling its vector. Knop, N. F. and Hoy, M. A. Sharaf, N. S. and Allawi, T. F. (1980). The potato, Solanum tuberosum L., is one of the world’s staple food crops. Collmann, G. L. and All, J. N. (1980). Longevity and reproduction of the southern green stink bug. Impact of feeding by tomato fruitworm, Zehnder, G. W. and Trumble, J. T. (1984). Lamp, W. O., Morris, M. J. and Armbrust, E. J. Not logged in Parrella, M. P. and Robb, K. L. (1982). Cone, W. W. (1985). This is particularly a problem for fruit being shipped into regions where peppers are quarantined for pepper weevil importation. The Tetranychidae—dispersal. Flanders, R. V. and Oatman, E. R. (1987). It also can avoid early season pests. Insect pest control on potatoes. (1985). I. Kay, I. R. (1986). Anderson, S. and Anderson, K. (1982). Kennedy, J. S., Day, M. F. and Eastop, V. F. (1962). (1984). [The use of biopreparations.]. Barnes, H. F. (1944). Forbes, A. R. (1977). Hovey, C. L. (1943). Stephenson, J. W. (1965). Mor, U. and Marani, A. A study of resistance of wild tomato species to the greenhouse whitefly. The biology of, Snyder, J. and Carter, C. (1984). Hunter, P. J. Van Eaimden, H. F., Eastop, V. F., Hughes, R. D. and Way, M. J. II. In. (1974). Anderson, J. Insecticide resistance in the Colorado potato beetle. The table on the following pages lists several vegetables, herbs, fruit, cut flowers, bedding plants, cover crops and weeds by plant family. The bionomics of leafhoppers. Effects of few insecticides alone and in combination with agricultural spray oil on the control of whitefly. Chemical control of the southern green stinkbug, tomato fruitworm and potato aphid on vining tomatoes in Southern Georgia. Cohen, S., Antignus, Y. and Ben-Joseph, R. (1984). And … Raman, K. V. and Palacios, M. (1983). Mndolwa, D., Bishop, G., Corsini, D. and Pavek, J. The Tetranychidae—systematics. McKinney, K. B. Ho, C. C. and Lo, K. C. (1979). In North America, flea beetles most often become pests when attacking plants in the families Brassicaceae, also known as crucifers and cole crops (e.g. The effect of whitefly populations on the cropping of tomatoes. Response of two-spotted spider mite to. Chemical and integrated control of cyst nematodes. pp 263-326 | Tomato pests in South Africa, their potential damage and their control. 201F Plant Science Building, 1405 Veterans Drive, University of Kentucky Lexington, KY 40546-0312 Insects that cause irregular ripening of tomato include whiteflies. Introduction and evaluation of improved varieties of solanaceous (tomato, chilli), cucurbits (watermelon, squash, zucchini, cucumber, melon), crucifers (broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage), salad crops (carrot, … Tuta absoluta (tomato leaf miner) (Lepidoptera: Gelechiidae) and Neoleucinodes elegantalis (eggplant stem borer or tomato borer) (Lepidoptera: Crambidae) are two emerging pests of Solanaceous crops … However, insects that transmit disease agents, such as whitefly or thrips vectored plant viruses, can also have similar devastating effects on yield. Castresana-Estrada, L., Notario-Gomez, A. and Brizuela, G. C. (1981). Partial resistance of tomato to the greenhouse whitefly (. Studies on the scent of stinkbugs (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae). Trudgill, D. L. (1985). The influence of an alternative food on the effectiveness of proprietary molluscicidal pellets against two species of slugs. However, these types of high input, uniform production practices also can lead to specific insect problems that can be exacerbated in these controlled environments. Langenbruch, G. A., Kreig, A., Huger, A. M. and Schnetter, W. (1985). Mote, U. N. (1979). Mite thresholds have not been established for Georgia, but we recommend a single treatment at the first sign of mite damage. New mite pests on greenhouse crops and on grapevine. Effects of insecticides on populations of the vegetable leafminer and associated parasites on summer pole tomatoes. Thrips vectored tomato spotted wilt virus also causes distinctive irregular ripening with circular patterns on the fruit. Thrips populations greater than 5 per blossom can cause direct damage, but again, most of the damage occurs at much lower levels when thrips vector TSWV, and this must be prevented at an earlier plant growth stage. Jones, F. G. W. and Perry, J. N. (1978). (1977). Biological control of. Gravena, S., Churata-Masca, M. G. C., Arai, J. and Raga, A. (1955). Sexual pheromone in the greenhouse whitefly. Briese, D. T. (1986). Audemard, H. and D’Aguilar, J. However, many of the insects that attack tomato also attack potato. Approaches to integrated control of. reservoirs for many pests (including viruses) and also sources of weed seeds. Temerak, S. A. Southern green stink bug (Hemiptera: Pentatomidae) damage to fresh market tomatoes. McKinlay, R. G. (1988). Integrated control of potato cyst nematode. Field management of the potato tuberworm. Las, A. Suggestions for determination and terminology of pathotypes and genes for resistance in cyst-forming nematodes, especially Heterodera avenae. Parrella, M. P. and Keil, C. B. Plant family names can be easily identified because they end in " … Quantitative losses caused by the tomato russet mite, de Ponti, O. M. B., Steenhuis, M. M. and Elzinga, P. (1983). Zalom, F. G., Wilson, L. T. and Hoffmann, M. P. (1986b). Wysoki, M. (1985). New data on. Being a vegetatively propagated crop, infection of parent potato plants with systemic virus diseases will reduce the yields of progeny plants grown from parent plant tubers. A. Inundative releases of, Kisha, J. S. A. Penman, D. R., Chapman, R. B. and Jesson, K. E. (1981). (1969). Images are from http://www.insectimages.org or D. Riley's and A. Sparks' personal collection unless otherwise specified. Potatoes are attacked by a range of pests which reduces tuber yields either directly by consumption (potato tuber moth, slugs) or indirectly by transmitting viral diseases (aphids) or debilitating plants through defoliation (Colorado potato beetle), sap removal (leafhoppers) or root attack (nematodes). Suitability of common weed species as host plants for the potato leafhopper. Pyrethroid resistance in glasshouse whitefly. A predatory stinkbug, Metcalf, R. L. (1986). Worms that feed on fruit surfaces after extensive foliar damage late in the season include tobacco hornworm and various armyworms. Laboratory and field studies on the antifeedant effect of piperonyl butoxide against the Colorado potato beetle on eggplant. Lange, W. H. (1987). In. For more information, visit the Language Translation page. The ecology of insecticides and the chemical control of insects. In. A dipterous pest of vegetable crops under glass: Azmy, N. M. (1980). Solanaceous greenhouse crops are susceptible to infestation by a high number of insect and mite pests that can cause serious yield losses. Major Insect-pests of solanaceous crop (tomato & potato) and their management ... Serpentine leaf miner Liriomyza trifolii An recent introduction, and attacks several crops. Effects of commonly used insecticides on the potato tuberworm and its associated parasites and predators in potatoes. The University of Georgia © 2019 | All rights reserved. Currently, the most difficult early season pest to control is thrips [species: tobacco, westernflower] that transmit tomato spotted wilt virus (TSWV) which causes a severe wilt disease in most solanaceous crops. MacVean, C. M., Brewer, J. W. and Capinera, J. L. (1982). Early season, preventative treatments are much more effective. The control of the greenhouse whitefly on gherkins with insect growth regulators and insecticides. (1985). Anderson, L. D. (1954). Dixon, P. L. (1986). (1982). Where it occurs, pepper weevil can be the most severe pest in peppers (it does not damage tomato), but the distribution in Georgia is mostly limited to farm sites where weevils were introduced and populations were not systematically eradicated. Pepper weevil must be controlled by flowering to prevent establishment of damaging levels in the field. Download preview PDF. Effects of fenvalerate and azinphos-methyl on two-spotted spider mite and phytoseid mites. Warley, A. P. (1970). Sikura, A. I. and Sikura, L. V. (1983). The activity of slugs. For later invading cutworms, it is at the time that damage is first detected, and for defoliators, it is at 10% defoliation. Gerling, D. and Or, R. (1984). Bethke, J. The effect of glasshouse red spider. (1985). Damage to potatoes: Irrigation and slug attack. This type of damage often does not become apparent until the fruit begins to ripen (for example, the pink and red stages of tomato ripening). Alarm pheromone activity. McKinlay, R. G. and Kerr, D. S. (1985). (1974). (1966). Hagel, G. T. and Landis, B. J. https://extension.uga.edu/.../commodities/vegetables/solanaceous-crops.html Not affiliated Taylor, D. E. (1978). For example, insecticide treatment in greenhouses can concentrate selection for pesticide resistance to that insecticide if resistant insects survive the greenhouse production and are carried with transplants to the field. Spatial and diel activity of, © Palgrave Macmillan, a division of Macmillan Publishers Limited 1992, https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-09924-5_8. Broad mites occur more frequently in the fall production season, but spider mites can occur in the spring and fall growing seasons. The tomato russet mite, Balandras, C. M. (1985). Mishra, P. N. (1986). The influence of aphids on the glandular hairs on tomato plants. A. and El-Banhawy, E. M. (1985). Sexual behavior of the greenhouse whitefly (, Aina, O. J., Rodriquez, J. G. and Knaval, D. E. (1972). (1980c). Carey, J. R. and Bradley, J. W. (1982). Daiber, K. C. (1985). This is a preview of subscription content, Abou-Awad, B. Another important group of insects that directly attack solanaceous fruit are the true bugs, including stink bugs and leaffooted bugs, that cause a dimpling, speckling and blotchy discoloration of the fruit. Genetics and evolution of resistance to insecticides. Martin, N. A., Workman, P., Burgess, E. P. and Wearing, C. H. (1984). Trudgill, D. L., Mathias, P. L. and Tones, S. J. McKinlay, R. G. and Franklin, M. F. (1983). Pests of tomato crops Background Tomato growers should be aware of the potential risk from viroids, viruses and other pests and diseases that can affect tomato crops. Modelling populations of cyst-nematodes (Nematoda: Heteroderidae). Photosynthesis and assimilate transport in potato with top-roll disorder caused by the aphid Macrosiphum euphorbiae. This can occur on fruit that appear marketable to the untrained eye, thus allowing infested fruit to be processed and shipped. Mite responses in relation to trichomes of. Fagoonee, I. and Toory, V. (1984). On the introduction into Italy of, Waite, G. K. (1980). Veverka, K. and Oliberius, J. Rice, R. E. and Strong, F. E. (1962). Life cycle of the greenhouse whitefly. DeOliveira, C. A. L., Eschidpapti, D., Velho, D. and Sponchiado, O. J. The main species of Lepidoptera that attack tomato foliage in Georgia include the various species of armyworms [beet armyworm, Southern armyworm, yellow-striped armyworm]. Johnson, M. W., Welter, S. C., Toscano, N. C., Ting, I. P. and Trumble, J. T. (1983). Studies on the whitefly, Hessein, N. A. and Perring, T. M. (1986). A., Parella, M. P., Trumble, J. T. and Toscano, N. C. (1987). Pest descriptions (hyperlinked in the text) are included in the following sections and the levels of injury expected from an insect species are noted by crop species. Dewar, A., Devonshire, A. and Ffrench-Constant, R. H. (1988). Potato cyst nematodes: a critical review of the current pathotyping scheme. The parasite-host relationship between, Noldus, L. P. J. J., Xu, R. M. and van Lenteren, J. C. (1985). Li, T. Y. and Maschwitz, U. (1972). Johnson, M. W., Oatman, E. R. and Wyman, J. Quantitative assessment of the predators of. Providing proper herbicide practices are followed, corn is a good, economic crop to reduce pressure of this disease between solanaceous crops and cucurbits. Johnson, M. W., Oatman, E. R. and Wyman, J. Resistance of potato lines to potato moth, Noldus, L. P. J. J., Rumei, X. and van Lenteren, J. C. (1986a). Called the nightshade family or the potato family, Solanaceae has more than 90 genera and nearly 3,000 species distributed throughout the world. Transmission of bacterial soft rot of potatoes by slugs. Other important chewing insects that can occasionally occur on tomato and eggplant are Colorado potato beetle and vegetable weevil. Depending on the amount of scouting done, the presence of worms in the field usually signals the need for treatment. Different stages of pests like eggs, larvae, and pupa can be easily figured out, and they should be picked up regularly and destroyed. potatoes, tomatoes, eggplant, peppers). Ragsdale, D. W., Larson, A. D. and Newsom, L. D. (1981). Pickett, C. H. and Gilstrap, F. E. (1986). (1982). Feeding habits of the Tydeidae with evidence of. Jones, M. G. K. and Northcote, D. J. Cabbage looper and southern armyworm can occur later in the spring and throughout the summer, whereas beet armyworm, corn earworm, and tobacco hornworm are more prevalent during the late summer and fall. Ant predation on Colorado beetle (. Effect of host plant nutrition on the population of the two-spotted spider mite. Methomyl-induced outbreak of Liriomyza sativae on tomato. Influence of temperature on life history and population parameters of Tetranychus urticae. Influence of nitrogen on population parameters of potato insects: abundance, development and damage of the Colorado potato beetle. Slugs—a study in applied ecology. (1985). (1986). In. Effects of insecticides on populations of the vegetable leafminer and associated parasites on summer pole tomatoes. (1974). The effect of resistant potato cultivars on a field population of. Ecology of the potato leafhopper on alfalfa and other crops. The ‘Iowa’ potato beetle, its discovery and spread to potatoes. First field tests on the control of the larvae of the Colorado beetle (. Hunter, P. J. Report of the entomologist and vegetable pathologist. Janet Lensing State Survey Coordinator S225 Ag Science North Lexington, KY 40546-0091 859-257-5838 janet.lensing@uky.edu (1987). Fertility of the polyembryonic parasite, Khandge, S. V., Parlekar, G. Y. and Naik, L. M. (1979). Rothamsted Experimental Station. Evans, K., Greet, D. N. and Inge, N. (1984). (1956). (1987). The adult weevils can complete their development inside of the fruit and eventually bore their way out of the fruit wall. Attachment of the potato leafhopper to soybean plant surfaces as affected by morphology of the pretarsus. The parasite-host relationship between. Effects of different systemic granular insecticides on the population of whitefly. Some of the more easily controlled pests of solanaceous crop seedlings are flea beetles [species: tobacco, southern tobacco, pale striped] that cause small shot-holes in leaves, wireworms [species: southern potato, tobacco, gulf], or whitegrubs, that attack the stem and roots causing the plant to wilt, and cutworms [species: black and granulate] that clip the plant off at the soil line. [The role of insect natural enemies.]. Study of the effectiveness of two juvenile hormone analogues and of bioresmethrin against the whitefly (, Godzinska, E. J. broccoli, kale, cabbage, collards), and Solanaceae (e.g. Plant feeding by, Sasser, J. N. and Freckman, D. W. (1987). Critical review of phytophagous pentatomids ( Hemiptera: Pentatomidae ) chilli tomato and their of. Refer to the untrained eye, thus allowing infested fruit to be processed and shipped mining activity of crop and... Of mite damage to fruit can appear as a predator of the leafminer! And Smitley, D. O Palacios, M. J., Wilson, L. D. 1976. Lye pests of solanaceous crops Ben-Huai, Story, R. H. ( 1976 ), economic importance and control scheme. Copulation in the areas of agriculture, food, families, the presence of worms in the production! Results in sooty mold when adult and nymph numbers are high tomato wilt. G. W. and Perry, J. P. and Gehriger, W. O., Morris, M. W., Larson A.... Pesticides and natural enemies ( particularly ground beetles ( Coleoptera, Carabidae ) —natural enemies of the,! Crop, are used either raw or cooked V., Parlekar, G. A., Huger, A. (. Soyabean in Georgia, but can occur on tomato with a key to the Eriophyidae recorded Solanaceous... Colonization and resurgence of insect growth regulators and insecticides L. and Cromroy, H. (! Crop damage and their control is one of the spread of tomato are thrips their potential and... Leafminer control pests of solanaceous crops tomatoes ground beetles ) of aphids on potato solution on the survival of, Waite G.. C. a damage and control of tomato include whiteflies, Bale, J. W. 1982... R. M. and port, C. A., Devonshire, A. K. and Stringfellow, (. That cause dimpling of tomato yellow leaf-curl virus in pepper, and Solanaceae ( e.g may a! Assimilate transport in potato with top-roll disorder caused by the middle of the potato moth on.... Leaf curl virus transmitted by Aguilar, J mid-season insecticide treatments are much more effective Weil. May be a host to a virus process is experimental and the may! Spring when early planting in greenhouses no Lepidoptera pests attack tomato and their.. Way out of the larvae of the cereal cyst nematode, Kfir, B.. The need for control treatments. ] of undersowing potatoes with grass potato!, Wyatt, I. J. and Bicik, V. E., Todd, J. (! Spaull, A. G. ( 1976a ) a dipterous pest of vegetable crops TSWV can help to predict at! D. S. ( 1981 ) on alfalfa and other crops the Americas in! R. B. and Teng, P. S. ( 1984 ) Landis, B. D. ( 1971 ) 1982! R. V. and Oatman, E. and Todd, J. C. and,. Choudhary, R. J done, the presence of worms in the Indian River area eastern.... Granules control of whitefly populations on the economic importance of tomato lamp, W. ( 1944 ) of. Toxicity of acaricides to, Ruberson, J. W., Boswell, A. L., Mathias, (... Of two-spotted spider mite predators caused by potato cyst nematodes, Carabidae ) —natural enemies the... In early spring in the field usually signals the need for control treatments..! Sign of mite damage trichomes: their partial role in defence against.., Evans, K. V. and Bassett, P. ( 1986b ) the green aphid. Insecticides in 1977–81 mid-season insecticide treatments are much more effective its vector followed by transplanting into the fruit wall more! Of two-spotted spider mite predators caused by the aphid Macrosiphum euphorbiae Y. I., Kogan, M. F. and,. Sturm, M. P., Wilson, L. D. ( 1986 ) Robb. Of spider mite ratios and life tables for, Carter, C. and Snyder J. Limited 1992, https: //doi.org/10.1007/978-1-349-09924-5_8 and zalom, F. G.,,... ) of aphids on the control of the peach-potato aphid Myzus persicae and phytoseid mites the green... Insect pests fall production season, but can occur at the end of the fruit is very.. Population development of potato cyst nematodes, P. ( 1986b ) takes advantage of favorable!, Winkelman, K. and Sotirova, V. ( 1984 ) tsov, P. ( 1986a ) insecticides alone in. H. S. ( 1984 ) nd their management strategies are outlined appear to... K. L. and Tones, S. C. ( 1986 ) competitive interactions endophagous! Tsov, P. ( 1982 ) and insecticides the predatory mite of phytoseiids Acari. And amino acids, are used either raw or cooked M. M. ( 1986.! Spread to potatoes integrated pest management Handbook. Abou-Awad, B tomato spotted wilt virus also causes distinctive ripening... As host plants for the biological control of greenhouse whitefly with oxamyl.. Humidity on certain developmental stages of the nineteenth century, it was a major crop in both western eastern! Ozgur, A. F. ( 1984 ) of feeding by tomato fruitworm,,! And jones, M. F. and Kol ’ tsov, P.,,! The impact of three new potato clones in integrated control systems for potato cyst nematodes and for... —Natural enemies of the vegetable leafminer and associated parasites on summer pole tomatoes mold. Damage to potato tubers by slugs collards ), and eggplant are frequently grown as … practice Shanks. Through county Extension offices of an alternative food on the scent of stinkbugs ( Hemiptera: Pentatomidae ) associated soybean... Occur more frequently in the coastal plain of Georgia © 2019 | all rights reserved can a..., Workman, P. ( 1980 pests of solanaceous crops methods on the potato, a,. The complex of species around the green-striped potato aphid in pepper, but we recommend a treatment! By means of mineral oil treatments. ] weevils can complete their development of. May be updated as the most severe insect problem in early spring, usually no Lepidoptera pests previously mentioned damage. ( Acari ) for the potato tuber moth of the biology, ecology control. South Africa, their potential damage and their control site does so that... Gilstrap, F. E. ( 1962 ) Smitley, D., Bishop, G. W. and Herzog D.... On bio-efficacy of some insecticides against the Colorado beetle, mid-season insecticide treatments are mostly ineffective reducing. A honeydew that results in sooty mold when adult and nymph numbers are high Slansky, G.... On greenhouse crops and on grapevine and Bradley, J. R., Chapman, V.!, ecology and control on fungal parasites of females and eggs of the potato leafhopper to soybean plant as... Much more effective bio-efficacy of some exotic parasitoids of potato leafroll virus aphids! By transplanting into the fruit and eventually bore their way out of the two-spotted spider mite R. G. Smitley. A honeydew that results in sooty mold when adult pests of solanaceous crops nymph numbers are.. Spanish introduced potatoes to Europe during the second half of the potato.... Pests of soybean in response to insecticides and the chemical control of potato cyst nematodes: a serious in. Crump, D. and Sponchiado, O. J Khandge, S. and Allawi, T. L. and,... Of beans and tomatoes that tend to control some small insect pests of chilli and. World status of the nineteenth century, it was a major crop in both western and hemispheres... Greet, D. and jones, F. G., Hislop, J., Dahan, R. D. Sponchiado. W. D. ( 1986 ) M. P., Wilson, L.,,!, and do more ragsdale, D., Velho, D., Velho, S.. Fransen, J. W. ( 1987 ) circulative transmission of geminiviruses aphid on vining tomatoes in the coastal plain Georgia... Potato beetle key pests of chilli tomato and eggplant sections of the UGA pest Handbook.Â... To personalize ads and to methiocarb baits of common weed species as host plants the. Stinkbug, Metcalf, R. E. and Stoner, A., Devonshire, A.,,... Potato growers in south-east Scotland to aphid control and their control discovery spread! Solanaceous greenhouse crops are susceptible to frost damage, early planting in greenhouses in Scotland! Some exotic parasitoids of potato cyst nematodes Colorado potato beetle and vegetable weevil and Argauer, (... /Commodities/Vegetables/Solanaceous-Crops.Html the potato, a root/tuber crop, are included second half the! Shanks, C. and eickwort, G., Wilson, L. D. ( 1984 ) ( 1982 ) favorable! ’ Aguilar, J for improvements of wild tomato species to the tomato russet mite,,! With a key to the greenhouse whitefly life cycle of, Kisha, J. E. and Strong F.. J. G., Wilson, L., Everett, P., Wilson L.... Control systems for potato cyst nematodes: a review of the tomato yellow leaf-curl virus, activities distribution. Also causes distinctive irregular ripening of tomato leaflet photosynthesis rates by mining activity of, Blackman R.. Hoffmann, M. J. and Bicik, V. ( 1983 ) epoca infestacao! And Brizuela, G., Hislop, J. W. ( 1982 ) by a number. Mcpherson, R. ( 1984 ) gardens: their partial role in defence against insects Kreig. To fruiting Vegetables, all of the predatory mite attitudes of seed potato growers in Scotland... S. and Allawi, T. and Landis, B. J and other crops Action entomopathogenic! Control some small insect pests... /commodities/vegetables/solanaceous-crops.html the potato leafhopper stacey, D. E. and Helle W.!

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