Although Erik, known as Erik VII in Danish history, was the titular king, … The depleted Gothenlandic army could only stand aside and watch, to great embarrassment. The Britsmay attack, try allying the Brits, if they decline, ally many European countries … In 1944, Iceland became independent from Denmark. Svealand was so displeased with the small gains it received in comparison to its efforts during the war that it withdrew fully from the Kalmar sphere. The design academy and testing harbours are located in Saaremaa which has historically had a tradition of excellence in boat building. There had been 5 monarchs and 12 regents since Margaret I in total 93 year. 1 Background 2 History 2.1 Norwegian nuclear program 2.2 Swedish nuclear program 2.3 Kalmar Union nuclear weapons program 3 Testing 3.1 Greenland tests 1968-1982 3.2 Bouvet Island tests 1982-1994 3.3 Computer simulated test 3.4 Missile tests 4 Current national doctrine and strategy At the end of the Second World War, both Sweden and Norway began to work secretly on their … The most important aspect of the Kalmar Union was the personal union between the three kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden. It is also known as the “Kalmarunionen”. Sweden and the Duchy of Mecklenburg formed a personal union under the rule of King Albert. (Page of tag Kalmar Union) Although Kalmar can probably rely on oil from Aniyunwiya and Erie securing supplies of its own are of great military importance and are guiding diplomatic strategies. In 1905, Norway became independent from Sweden peacefully. UKmay not like the fact you took Norway,Icelandand Denmark because they cannot form North Sea Empire. It was regularly used as royal residence and became an ecclesiastical see, with the bishop of Kalmar being one of the most important in Scandinavia. Kalmar Union was a good article, but it was removed from the list as it no longer met the good article criteria at the time. In 1809, the Russian Empire annexed Finland, which was originally ruled by Sweden. A defensive alliance was created between the three, to which other Nordic states soon clamoured to join. He continued the policy of reclaiming Sweden. It became a fortified city, with the Kalmar Castle as the center. It would only be a matter of time before the Schmalkaldic League transformed itself into a rival empire, and King Cnut III was proclaimed Emperor in 1558. KALMAR, UNION OF. Aside from that many would like to see a closer working relationship with all states along the lines of a federation. It also was in a small part of modern … By the time it led the Schmalkaldic League to victory over the Catholic Emperor Denmark was clearly the pre-eminent power of Northern Europe, even though its directly ruled territory had shrank thanks to revolts in Lade and Svealand. In 1397 at Kalmar, Swed., Margaret oversaw the coronation of Erik as king of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden—thus establishing the Kalmar Union of the three Scandinavian states. Stroll around the cobblestoned streets and notice the beautiful buildings on Kvarnholmen which today houses both residentials and shops. What Are Traditional Viking Knife And Seax?, What Are Traditional Viking Braids Meaning And History?. Sweden, Denmark and Norway were parts of a single kingdom until 1523, when Sweden withdrew, and Gustav Vasa was proclaimed as king. After the founding of this Scandinavian personal union in Swedish city Kalmar in the June of 1397, Norway, Sweden and Denmark became under a common monarch. However securing his right to inherit such a grand empire required delicate negotiations. Old flag of the Kalmar Union (c.1450-2013). Under the help of Hanseatic League, he led his army to defeat Danish army and re-capture Stockholm in 1523, and restored the independence of Sweden. The Kalmar Union was a historical consisting union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and various other provinces and areas. Kalmar, city, port, and capital of the län (county) of Kalmar, southeastern Sweden.Built partly on two small islands, it lies on Kalmar Sound, which separates mainland Sweden from the island of Öland.Founded in the 12th century in a strategic coastal position, the city gave its name in 1397 to the Kalmar Union, by which Scandinavia was united under one ruler until 1523. Here are some examples of places in the city that are of historical interest. This differentiates it from the other European supra-national leagues, Francia and the Holy Roman Empire, as it never was a single unified state. Kalmar ships tend to better armed however Luxembourg's ships have the advantage of being oil powered and therefore have a greater operational range. And by the middle of the century the armies, drilled to the same standards and working together, could successfully defend both Brandenburg and the North German coast from Austria and the Empire during the 1st Imperial-Kalmar War (1842-1850). Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. 7. When Margaret I became ruler of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden (1387–88), it was understood that she should, at the first Denmark and Anglia, desperate to reassert some degree of power after a miserable century, answered the call, making a series of lucky victories that would lead to Svealand's defeat and a resurrection of the Union's fortunes. Kalmar Unionball was a historical countryball located in Northern Europe, it was a unified Nordic State. Christian II … The tow… With Svealand's armies triumphant, and marching on Krakow and Prague with little opposition, the Holy Roman Empire called on Kalmar to intervene. Saaremese technicians are also making rapid advances in submarine technology and it is safely assumed that Kalmar has the largest and most advanced submarine fleet. Other Scandinavian and Baltic countries accepted Denmark's over-lordship either through fealty to Denmark, family ties, or simple political imperatives. After the founding of this Scandinavian personal union in Swedish city Kalmar in the June of 1397, Norway, Sweden and Denmark became under a common monarch. You also get the Viking title by forming. Historically, the Kalmar Union was a hereditary empire of sorts, created in 1431 when Eric VIII of Denmark inherited Denmark and Estonia from his father Eric VII, and Viken, Svealand and Finland from his mother Elizabeth. The Kalmar Union or Union of Kalmaris (Danish, Norwegian and Swedish: Kalmarunionen; Latin: Unio Calmariensis) was a state that brought together the Scandinavian nations from 1397 to 1523.. In 1521, Swedish nobleman Gustav Vasa established an anti-Denmark army in Dalarna County. This mod will probably answer that question in this sort-of alternative reality. In 1388, the political opponents of Albert elected Margaret to be the regent of Swedish territory controlled by them, and promised to assist her conquering the rest of Swedish territory. The Kalmar Union or Union of Calmar (Danish, Norwegian and Swedish: Kalmarunionen; Latin: Unio Calmariensis) was a state that brought together the Scandinavian nations from 1397 to 1523.. Several national governments have demanded Kalmar production of Tyr-class warships outpaces that of Luxembourg, its nearest rival. He made the Kalmar Union dissolved by restoring the independence of Sweden. The three kingdoms then united in the Kalmar Union in 1397. It is the least densely populated country in Europe and has a population of around 1.3 million. Margaret was married to Haakon VI at the age of 10, and their son Olaf IV was confirmed to be the heir to the Norwegian throne. Map of the Union. In Kalmar, 15-year-old Eric became the common monarch of the three kingdoms after being crowned by Danish and Swedish archbishops, but the union remained under the control of Margaret till her death in 1412. There are suggestions below for improving the article. This was known to history as the “Stockholm Bloodbath”. His grand-daughter Elizabeth of Viken not only inherited the territories of the House of Rugia but married the heir to the Danish kingdom too. Eric's right to rule was secured. Since then Denmark and Norway had become a personal union with an underage monarch whose guardian was his mother. In the 16th century, Gustav Vasa fought for an independent Sweden, crushing an attempt to restore the Kalmar Union and laying the foundation for modern Sweden. In 1376, Olaf inherited the throne of Denmark from his maternal grandfather and became the Olaf II of Denmark; while his mother Margaret became his guardian. The Estridsson family would in time divide their realms between warring brothers and Viken became much more active in interfering in Svealand's struggles. As the treaty stipulated, the three kingdoms should support the same monarch, and found an everlasting union. In 17th century, Sweden had continuous wars with Denmark for the supremacy in the Baltic. The alliance's slow, disorganised and almost useless efforts during the Kalmar-Wessex War (1686-1701) led many historians to regard it as a 'rump' and a mere shadow of its former self, despite its eventual victory. The union established internal peace under a strong union king, supported by the nobility. Historically, the Kalmar Union was a hereditary empire of sorts, created in 1431 when Eric VIII of Denmark inherited Denmark and Estonia from his father Eric VII, and Viken, Svealand and Finland from his mother Elizabeth. It is currently involved in several overseas campaigns, the Portuguese campaign being the most important. Gothenland, compromised by its Prussian holdings (Poland-Lithuania was technically its overlord there), had already sent several official notes of protest at Denmark's increasingly overbearing and unilateral actions, while others had expressed concern over how much (or how little) reward they were receiving for their own efforts. Margaret promised the nobles that their political influence and privileges would be preserved; and Eric of Pomerania, who had become the king of Norway (as the “Eric III of Norway”) since 1389 with the support of Margaret, also took over the thrones of Denmark and Sweden in 1396. Alternative History is a FANDOM Lifestyle Community. The medieval center of Kalmar, known today as the Old Town, lies right next to Kalmar Castle. The Kalmar union is very sensitive and rude, and does not hesitate to use violence against anyone who jokes with it. The War of Anglian Succession also pushed the Union to breaking point as Kalmar troops were plunged into the most prolonged and bloodiest European campaigns since the Mongol Wars. A withdrawal of troops from there would undoubtedly cause a collapse in the monarchy and a revolutionary republican government coming into power. The Kalmar navy has various major bases around the globe: Vinland, Álengiamark and Aismark still have their own navies which fly their own flags, though this is more to do with trying not to antagonise Mexica than any notion of national pride. Fearing that Novgorod would collapse entirely allowing Tver and Vladimir to fill the gap, Kalmar would eventually reign in Finland, making it agree to a less harsh treaty and allowing Novgorod space to reform and resist its southern neighbour's demands. Christian I of Danish Odenburg dynasty gained the dominion of Schleswig and Holstein in Germany. It was no wonder that when Svealand felt it could take on Novgorod, Poland-Lithuania and the Holy Roman Empire on its own during the Great Baltic War (1761-1774) it largely discounted its old Kalmar partners as a force to be reckoned with. 1 History 2 Relations 3 How to draw 4 Gallery Kalmar Unionball was located in northern Europe and is consisted of a fusion between Swedenball, Denmarkball, Norwayball, Finlandball and Icelandball. Although Erik, known as Erik VII in Danish history, was the titular king, … However, he is very studious and has a great interest in the history of Greece and Rome (basically, because the Kalmar union began to acquire the western culture of Europe). Reputedly, the town was founded by the Norwegian king and saint, Olaf. During the Iberian Revolution Kalmar forces constantly harassed and hampered Del Olmo's plans and although Pomerania was lost to his great advance in 1833 Kalmar was a vital part of the massive Battle of the Prussian Marshes that ensured his eventual defeat. It cannot into space, 450 years too early. Margaret succeeded in having her son Olaf recogniz… The dependencies of Norway including Greenland, Iceland and Faroe Islands also had been under rule of Denmark since then. The formal establishment of a personal union among the Scandinavian kingdoms took place in 1397, during Erik’s coronation festivities at Kalmar in June of 1397. The three countries handed over their sovereignties without compromising their respective independent statuses and interests. The navy is currently going through its largest expansion since the Great Baltic War. Finland has been reportedly (and scandalously) making plans for the aftermath of the collapse of the faltering but still very much functioning Novgorodian state. Gothenland, Hordaland and Man joined the Empire alongside Denmark as Electorates. History / By tommy The Kalmar Union refers to a personal union in Scandinavia composed by Denmark, Sweden (including southern Finland) and Norway. Norway became a kingdom ruled by the King of Sweden after brief armed resistance. However, the lack of common policies and, above all, of a joint defense strategy made it impossible to mai… KALMAR, UNION OF. The familial aspect of the union began to breakdown as both Lade and Svealand repeatedly rejected union with Denmark during the 15th and 16th centuries. Lade (The Kalmar Union) The Ladish Confederation, Lade, is a collection of 14 republics occupying the Northern section of the Fenno-Scandinavian Peninsula. But as Kalmar narrowed its sights to the situation in Germany and the inevitable showdown with the Holy Roman Empire it lost the support Anglia and the Leifian states. KALMAR, UNION OF. But Norway and its overseas dependencies remained under the rule of Odenburg dynasty for centuries in the name of Denmark-Norway, till the official ending of mutual alliance relationship. And although Svealand remained allied with Denmark it continued to operate separately in the field. In Denmark itself the Pomeranian 'situation' continues to dominate and skew politics there, as well as provide a huge stumbling block to normal relations with the Holy Roman Empire. However, the oil-powered versions that Luxembourg and Mexica (although not confirmed, all signs point to Mexica having a considerable 'Tyr'-style fleet) are producing have a much larger operational range. Hordaland was embroiled in ever more desperate actions to hold on to its Irish lands. Denmark was soon in civil war. In 1370 they ha… Upon the founding, this union included the territories of Denmark, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Greenland and Faroe Islands, with a total area of 1.24 million square kilometers; but the total population was only 1.5 million where Danes made up a half of it. Although the Kalmar Union had collapsed after Sweden restored independence, but Denmark and Norway maintained the union relationship. The Union of Kalmar, which combined the three crowns of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden under one sovereign, was founded in 1397 in the Swedish city of Kalmar and lasted, with some exceptions, until 1520. Meanwhile in Leifia the Kalmar states are locked into a vastly expensive arms race with Mexica that does nothing but further ratchet up the tension on the continent. In these time gaps, the de facto ruler of Sweden was usually a regent elected among native nobles. Between 1602 and 1913 it was the episcopal see of Kalmar Diocese, with a bishop, and the Kalmar Cathedral from 1702 is an example of classicistic architecture. Thus, Margaret’s position in Sweden was consolidated. The frequent wars affected Swedish ecomony; while the centralized government led by Denmark also caused Swedes’ suspicion. Other Scandinavian and Baltic countries accepted Denmark's over-lordship either through fealty to Denmark, family ties, or simple political imperatives. Swedes were unhappy to see the increasing Danish connection with Schleswig, Holstein, Mecklenburg and Pomerania in Germany, as the Swedish economy heavily relied on the export of iron ore to European continent, especially Germany. In the late 15th century, the contradictions between Danish royals and Swedish nobles became intensified, and the opposition alliance had constant conflicts with Danish-led central government. The Central Admiralty is in Copenhagen which co-ordinates the deployment of the navy and building of the newer vessels. At that time, Albert had some disputes with the leaders of nobles. The Kalmar Union was a historical consisting union of the kingdoms of Denmark, Norway and Sweden, and various other provinces and areas. The Union of Kalmar, which grows out of the dynastic ties of the Scandinavian countries, unites Denmark, Sweden and Norway under one monarch Trade Union, Year 1397, Kalmar Union, June 17, 1390s, Norway, Denmark, History of Norway, History of Denmark, Sweden, History of Sweden, 14th Century, Treaties, Middle Ages, Politics Also included in this fellowship was Finland, that was a part of Sweden (until 1809), and Iceland, Greenland, the Faroes and the Shetland archipelago, belonging to Norway, meaning that the union encompassed all of the Nordic countries. The Ladish Confederation, Lade, is a collection of 14 republics occupying the Northern section of the Fenno-Scandinavian Peninsula. To break the trade dominance of Hanseatic League in the Baltic and maintain outward expansion, Denmark annexed Schleswig and Holstein after long wars. The city was a busy trading center by the 13 thcentury. If you can improve it, please do; it may then be renominated. Gustav Vasa was elected the king of Sweden again in June 6, 1523. In 1534, Norway was deprived of the status of kingdom, and became a province of Denmark. The vigorous support given to Margaret by the clergy of Denmark, Sweden and Norway, and partly by the nobility of these countries, led in 1397 to Margaret having a series of meetings with the Swedish king Albrecht and the Swedish nobility, which led to the second and even larger step – to the Kalmar Union and the election of Erik Pomeranian king of the three Scandinavian states. 1 History 2 Relations 3 How to draw 4 Gallery Kalmar Unionball was located in northern Europe and is consisted of a fusion between Swedenball, Denmarkball, Norwayball, Finlandball and Icelandball. King Christian II of Denmark and Norway defeats a Swedish army at Lake Asunden and is crowned King of Sweden. War of the League of Arcachon (1743-1752), https://althistory.fandom.com/wiki/Kalmar_Union_(The_Kalmar_Union)?oldid=1671050, South Atlantic: Austurfjordinn (Alkafuglaeyjar), Indian Ocean: Hannahsdort (Anglian Indian Ocean Islands), Roasjoinn: Rebekkastadt (Svealandic Australische). Relationships Friends. Finally in 1431 in the Gothenlandic town of Kalmar the diplomats of Denmark-Svealand-Viken, Gothenland and Hordaland signed the Kalmar Treaty. On June 17 of 1397, diplomatic representatives from Denmark, Sweden and Norway held a meeting in a fortress in southern Swedish city Kalmar (which is very close to Swedish-Danish border), and signed the Treaty of Kalmar. Nowadays, the monarchies of Europe are largely ceremonial. In modern days, the Coronation Day of Gustav Vasa is the national day of Sweden, but it was not designated as a national holiday until 2005. It also was in a small part of modern … Cnut granted all the same rights and privileges to the Schmalkaldic Empire's members as they enjoyed under the Holy Roman Emperors except all Catholic institutions were removed. The Kalmar Union officially dissolved in the next year. List of Prime Ministers of the United States of America (A United Kingdom of Scandinavia). It is also known as the “Kalmarunionen”. Alternative History: The Kalmar Union This mod's main question is "What if the Kalmar Union never broke apart, and successfully managed to colonize Vinland?" In 1658, Sweden recaptured its southern costal areas on the Scandinavian Peninsula, which had been occupied by Denmark for a long time. Chief among them are Kanienmark, Algonquinland and Lüneburg. Queen Margaret of Denmark united all the Nordic lands in the "Kalmar Union" in 1397. The success of the Kalmar Union was owing to Margaret I of Denmark. Critics however point to the severe inertia of both the Francian Parliament and the Imperial Diet as arguments against this. Their son, Eric VIII, was expected to inherit the entire collection on his parents' deaths. Svealand had been happy under Viken's rule as it was allowed to continue its own path almost uninterrupted but Denmark took a more controlling view. The local armies and fully integrating them all into a vastly expensive arms with... 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